Anxiety is a common feeling or emotion experienced by individuals of every age group. This emotion does not last long for most people. However, in some people, anxiety stays for months and even years. Such people tend to develop anxiety disorder due to which they are unable to perform normally in their day to day life. This article discusses common anxiety disorder types as well as their causes.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Known as one of the most common anxiety disorder types, generalized anxiety disorder makes an individual to constantly worry about small matters related to their everyday life. This type of anxiety disorder lasts 6 months or more. Although the exact causes of this condition are unknown, some causes include:
- Stress from everyday activities
- Financial issues
Anxiety disorder symptoms for this disorder include troubled sleep, headaches or migraines, and upset stomach to name a few.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder or OCD happens when an individual has a constant worry due to unwanted thoughts. The person suffering from OCD manages his or her anxiety by performing repetitive tasks that subsequently offer them relief. Examples of OCD include washing clothes in warm water due to fear of germs or constantly thinking whether or not he/she has switched off the fan before leaving the home. Well, the cause of obsessive-compulsive disorder includes:
- Hereditary factors
- Neurological issues
- Behavioral factors
- Lifestyle changes
Social Anxiety Disorder
Social anxiety or phobia happens when an individual fears too much of interacting with others. A person suffering from this phobia worries that people will judge or humiliate him or her. Well, symptoms of social anxiety disorder can be emotional or physical and vary from person to person. When it comes to causes, this disorder occurs due to inherited traits, inappropriate social environment, and neurological factors.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD develops after an individual deal with the trauma of some kind. Although these traumatic events vary from one individual to another, common events include sexual assault, violent attack, accident, natural disasters, serious health problems, and major life events like the death of a loved one. Well, symptoms of PTSD include negative thinking, bad mood, avoidance, and disturbing memories, to name a few. These symptoms interfere in the everyday tasks of an individual and can lead to personal as well as professional problems.
Panic disorder is one among the list of most common anxiety disorder types. This order leads to a sudden panic attack where anxiety is at a peak. Symptoms of this anxiety disorder include changing breathing patterns, chest pain, irregular heartbeat, and abdominal pain. Some common causes of panic attacks include:
- Major stress due to any negative event such as illness.
- Traumatic events including accidents, assault, and so on.
- Major lifestyle changes such as the birth of a baby, marriage, or divorce.
- Family history of such attacks.
A phobia is a terror of certain event or object. There are several types of phobias and some common types include aerophobia or fear of flying; autophobia or fear of being alone; hydrophobia or fear of water; and acrophobia or fear of heights. One can also fear of being in dark places, fear insects, or fear to be in crowded places. Agoraphobia is also a type of phobia and anxiety disorder that happens because of the fear of being at a place where you think it’s difficult to get help. Further, some examples of agoraphobia are leaving home alone, be in open or enclosed spaces, waiting in a line, and public transportation. Well, the causes of phobias can be many and some are:
- Long-term stress
- Brain function
- Particular life incidents, pain attack or traumas