Anxiety And Its Symptoms

symptoms of anxiety


Anxiety is a feeling of unease, such as worry or fear, that can be mild or severe. It can be a normal stress reaction and can be helpful in some situations. For example, it can make people more alert or help them focus on a task. But anxiety can also be disabling. It can cause problems with work, school, and relationships. Anxiety disorders are the most common mental illness in the United States. They affect about 18% of the adult population.

Symptoms Of Anxiety:

The symptoms of anxiety can be physical, psychological, or both.

Physical Symptoms:

A woman walking in the rain

Anxiety can cause physical symptoms. These are things that you feel in your body. Some people might have a fast heart rate, feel like they can’t breathe, or feel dizzy. Anxiety can also cause headaches, stomach problems, and muscle tension.

Some of the most common physical symptoms associated with anxiety include headaches, fatigue, muscle tension, and gastrointestinal issues such as nausea or stomach cramps.

Psychological Symptoms:

A woman standing in front of a mirror posing for the camera

1. Obsessions:

Intrusive, unwanted thoughts or images that repeatedly enter your mind despite your efforts to ignore or push them away. These obsessions can cause a great deal of anxiety and distress.

2. Compulsions:

Repetitive behaviors or mental acts that you feel you must do to reduce your anxiety. These compulsions are often done in an attempt to control or rid yourself of obsessions.

3. Avoidance:

You may avoid people, places, things, or situations that trigger your anxiety or make it worse. For example, someone with a fear of flying may avoid plane trips. Or someone who has social anxiety disorder may avoid parties or other gatherings.

4. Rumination:

Repeating something over and over in your mind. This can be a worry, such as wondering how you will pay your bills or a memory of a traumatic event. Rumination can make anxiety symptoms worse and can lead to depression.

5. Distortions of thought:

Ways that your thoughts play tricks on you. For example, someone with anxiety might believe that they are being harmed or will be rejected even though there is no evidence to support these fears.

6. Negative thinking:

When you focus on the bad things in life and assume the worst will happen. This can be especially common with anxiety symptoms such as fear or worry.

7. Worry:

Anxiety symptoms can include excessive or persistent worry about things such as your health, finances, or family. Worry can be a normal stress reaction, but it can also become a disabling problem.

8. Catastrophizing:

Thinking about the worst possible outcome of a situation. For example, someone with anxiety might believe that if they have a headache, it means they are going to die.

9. Perfectionism:

Expecting yourself to be perfect or needing everything to be perfect to feel okay. This can lead to anxiety symptoms such as perfectionism and procrastination.

10. Mental and physical symptoms:

Anxiety symptoms can include both mental and physical symptoms. For example, someone with anxiety might have a rapid heart rate, feel dizzy, and have difficulty concentrating.


If you are experiencing symptoms of anxiety, several treatments can help. These include medication, therapy, and lifestyle changes.


Many different types of medication can be used to treat anxiety. These include antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications, and beta-blockers. Antidepressants are the most commonly prescribed type of medication for anxiety. They can be effective in treating both the symptoms of anxiety and the underlying causes. However, they can also cause side effects such as weight gain, sexual dysfunction, and fatigue.


Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of therapy that can be used to treat anxiety. CBT is a short-term, goal-oriented therapy that helps you to identify and change the thoughts and behaviors that are causing your anxiety. CBT can be effective in treating both the symptoms of anxiety and the underlying causes.

Lifestyle changes:

Many lifestyle changes can help to reduce anxiety symptoms. These include exercise, relaxation techniques, and sleep. Exercise can help to reduce stress and improve your overall health. Relaxation techniques such as yoga, meditation, and breathing exercises can help to reduce stress and promote relaxation. Getting enough sleep is important for reducing stress and managing anxiety symptoms.

If you are experiencing symptoms of anxiety, it is important to seek treatment. They will be able to assess your symptoms and provide you with an accurate diagnosis. Once you have received a diagnosis, you can begin working on finding the treatment that is right for you.

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